Two common diets identified in British adults, which include a high intake of chocolate and sweets, may be linked to an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and death in middle age, according to a study published in the Open Access Journal. BMC Medicine.
Carmen Piernas, co-author, said: “Cardiovascular disease is one of the leading causes of death and disability in the UK, and poor nutrition is a major contributor to it. The most common dietary guidelines are based on nutrients found in food, not food. This may confuse the public. Our findings help identify specific foods and beverages commonly eaten in the UK that may increase the risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality. “
Researchers from the University of Oxford in the UK have identified two diets that are associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and middle-aged death in Britain. The first contained lots of chocolate, sweets, butter and white bread, and some fresh fruits and vegetables. The other was rich in drinks sweetened with sugar, fruit juice, chocolate, sweets, table sugar, and canned food, and poor in butter and higher-fat cheese.
The researchers found that those whose diets included higher amounts of chocolate, sweets, butter and white bread were more likely to be men, younger, economically deprived, current smokers, less physically active, living with obesity or having hypertension compared to those whose diets did not contain large amounts of this food. In this group, people under the age of 60 or living with overweight or obesity had a higher risk of cardiovascular disease than people over the age of 60 or not living with overweight or obesity.
Those whose diets were rich in sugary sweetened beverages, fruit juice and sugar were found to have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality, although they were also physically active and less likely to be current smokers or living with obesity, hypertension, diabetes or high cholesterol, from those who did not eat this diet. Women, people who were under the age of 60 or especially lived with obesity, had a higher risk of cardiovascular disease if they ate a diet high in this food.
To examine the effects of diet on the risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality, the authors analyzed data collected from 116,806 adults from England, Scotland and Wales who were recruited to the UK between 2006 and 2010. Participants ranged in age from 37 to 73 years. , average age 56 years. Participants reported food they had eaten during the previous 24 hours between two and five occasions. The researchers then identified the nutrients and food groups that the participants ate. The incidence of cardiovascular diseases and mortality was calculated using the records on admission to the hospital and the records of deaths until 2017 and 2020.
The authors warn that the observational nature of the study does not allow conclusions to be drawn about the causal relationship between diet, cardiovascular disease, and mortality. In addition, since nutritional data are taken from individual 24-hour estimates rather than from a continuous time period, they may not be representative of participants ’lifelong diets. Future research could investigate the potential reasons for the association of the two diets investigated in this study with both cardiovascular disease and mortality.
Carmen Piernas said: “Our research suggests that eating less chocolate, sweets, butter, low-fiber bread, sugar-sweetened drinks, fruit juice, table sugar and canned food could be associated with a lower risk of cardiovascular disease or death during middle age is consistent with previous research that has suggested that eating foods that contain less sugar and fewer calories may be associated with a lower risk of cardiovascular disease. The findings of this study could be used to create food-based dietary tips that could help people feed. get healthier and reduce your risk of cardiovascular disease. “
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Notes for the editor:
1. Associations between dietary patterns and the incidence of total and fatal cardiovascular disease and all-cause mortality in 116,806 people from UK Biobank: a prospective cohort study
Gao et al.
BMC Medicine 2021
DOI: 10.1186 / s12916-021-01958-x
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